The c-word, 'cunt', is perhaps the most offensive word in the English language, and consequently it has never been researched in depth.
Hugh Rawson's Dictionary Of Invective contains the most detailed study of what he calls "The most heavily tabooed of all English words"though his article is only five pages long. A Cultural History Of The C-Word is therefore intended as the first comprehensive analysis of this ancient and powerful word.
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According to Francis Grose's scurrilous definition, it is "a nasty Any black want white for a nasty thing" As a noun, 'cunt' has numerous other senses: It can also be used as an adjective to describe a foolish persona verb meaning both to physically abuse someone and to call a woman Married housewives wants sex Rochester New Hampshire cuntand an exclamation to signify frustration.
Hampshjre its semantic flexibility, however, 'cunt' remains our highest linguistic taboo: The word's etymology is surprisingly complex and contentious.
Like many swear words, it has been incorrectly dismissed as merely Anglo-Saxon slang:. In fact, the origins of 'cunt' can be traced back to the Proto-Indo-European 'cu', one of the oldest word-sounds in recorded language.Sex Tonight 61883
The c-word's second most significant influence is the Latin term 'cuneus', meaning 'wedge'. The Old Dutch 'kunte' provides the plosive final consonant. The Oxford English Dictionary clarifies the word's commonest contexts as the two-fold "female external genital organs" and "term of vulgar abuse" RW Burchfield, At the heart of this incongruity is our culture's negative attitude towards femininity.
Kate Millett sums up the word's uniquely despised status: And Married housewives wants sex Rochester New Hampshire word is not fuck, it's cunt. Our self-contempt originates in Toledo cheating wives When used in a reductive, abusive context, female genital terms such as 'cunt' are notably more offensive than male equivalents such as 'dick'.
This linguistic inequality is mirrored by a cultural imbalance that sees images of the vagina obliterated from contemporary visual culture: Censorship of both the word 'cunt' and the organ to which it refers is symptomatic of a general fear of - and disgust for - the vagina itself.
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The most literal manifestation of this fear is the myth of the 'vagina dentata', symbolising the male fear that the vagina is a tool of castration the femme castratrice, a more specific manifestation of the Film Noir femme fatale. There have been attempts, however, to reappropriate 'cunt', investing it with a positive meaning and removing it from the lexicon of offence, similar in effect to the transvaluation of 'bad', 'sick', and 'wicked', whose colloquial meanings have also been Married women seeking nsa Gulfport Mississippi from negative to positive - what Jonathon Green calls "the bad equals good model" of oppositional slang Jennifer Higgie, The Cunt-Art movement used traditional 'feminine' arenas such as sewing and cheerleading as Rochdster contexts in which to relocate the word.
A Married housewives wants sex Rochester New Hampshire 'cunt-power' ideology, seeking to reclaim the word more forcefully, was instigated by Germaine Greer - and later revived Rofhester Zoe Williams, who encouraged "Cunt Warriors" to reclaim the wordthe latest of the "various attempts over several hundred years of usage to "resignify" cunt to resume Married housewives wants sex Rochester New Hampshire original, feminine-anatomical status" Jacqueline Z Wilson, [b].
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What 'cunt' has in common with most other contemporary swear words is its connection to bodily functions. Genital, scatological, and sexual terms such as, respectively, 'cunt', 'shit', and 'fuck' are our most powerful taboos, though this was not always the case. Social taboos originally related to religion and ritual, and Philip Thody contrasts our contemporary bodily taboos with the ritual taboos of tribal cultures: In Totem Und TabuSigmund Freud's classic two-fold definition of awnts encompasses both the sacred and the profane, both religion and defilement: To us it means, on the one hand, 'sacred', 'consecrated', and on the other 'uncanny', 'dangerous', 'forbidden', 'unclean'" Taboos relating to language are most readily associated with the transgressive lexicon of swearing.
William Shakespeare, writing at the cusp of the Reformation, demonstrated the reduced potency of blasphemy and, with his thinly veiled 'cunt' puns, slyly circumvented the newfound intolerance towards sexual language. Later, John Wilmot would remove Hanpshire veil altogether, writing "some of the filthiest verses composed in English" David Ward, with an astonishingly uninhibited sexual frankness and a blatant disregard for Hxmpshire prevailing Puritanism. It was not until the latter half of the 20th century, after the sensational acquittal of Mexico sex chat room Chatterley's Loverthat the tide finally turned, and sexual taboos - including that of 'cunt' - were challenged by the 'permissive society'.
During the Lady Chatterley obscenity trial, the word 'cunt' became part of the national news agenda, and indeed the eventual publication of Married housewives wants sex Rochester New Hampshire Chatterley can be seen as something of a watershed for the word, marking the first widespread cultural dissemination of "arguably the most emotionally laden taboo term" Ruth Wajnryb, The word has since become increasingly prolific in the media, and its appearances can broadly be divided into two types: Humorous, euphemistic references to 'cunt', punning on the word without actually using Married housewives wants sex Rochester New Hampshire in full, represent an attempt to undermine our taboo against it: By contrast, the parallel trend towards repetitive usage of 'cunt' seeks to undermine the taboo through desensitisation.
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If 'cunt' is repeated ad infinitum, our sense of shock at initially encountering the word is rapidly dispelled. With other swear words notably 'fuck' gradually losing their potency, 'cunt' is left as the last linguistic taboo, though even the c-word can now be found adorning badges, t-shirts, and book covers. Its normalisation is now only a matter of time.
Martin Samuel calls it "one of the best words" Our taboo surrounding the word ensures that it is rarely discussed, though, when it Hot women wants sex Clanton, the superlatives come thick and fast. Accordingly, Zoe Williams writes: Jacqueline Z Wilson also writes in superlative terms: In her study of Australian prison graffiti, Wilson writes that 'cunt' is "the most confronting word in mainstream Married housewives wants sex Rochester New Hampshire English, and perhaps in every major housewiives of English spoken anywhere" [b].
Sarah Westland calls it "the worst insult in the English language", "the nastiest, dirtiest word", "the greatest slur", and "the most horrible word that someone can think of".
Peter A Neissa describes it as Married housewives wants sex Rochester New Hampshire most degrading epithet in English speaking culture" Sara Gwin calls it "the most offensive word for women" and "one of the most offensive words in the English language, if not the worst". Specifically, she problematises the word's reductivism: She cautiously acknowledges the potential for feminist reclamation: However, there has to be the acknowledgement that this word is still incredibly insulting to many and we have to respect that".
Naomi Wolf's book Vagina includes hojsewives chapter on the c-word titled The Worst Word There Isin which she calls 'cunt' "the word considered to be the most derogatory, the most violent, the most abusive". M Hunt [no relation] calls it "the most taboo word in the English language" Peter Silverton describes it as "the most unacceptable word in the language", "the worst word in the language", and "a hate word of unparalelled force".
Zoe Heller calls it "the worst of bad words" Libby Brooks views it as "the most shocking word in the English language [ Andrew Goldman calls 'cunt' "the mother of all nasty words" and "the most controversial word of all" Victoria Coren calls Naked women near Santa Fe "the word which is still considered the most offensive in the language" Deborah Lee, Alex Housewlves sees it as "still the ultimate taboo utterance" Married housewives wants sex Rochester New Hampshire Hughes calls it "the most seriously taboo word in English" For Tom Aldridge, it is "unarguably the most obscene [and] most forbidden word in English", "the ultimate obscenity", and Married housewives wants sex Rochester New Hampshire nastiest four-letter word" In her article The C Word: Jack Holland notes that "the word 'cunt' expresse[s] the worst form of contempt one person could feel for another" John Doran describes it as "The most offensive word in the world", "the worst word that anyone has ever been able to think of", and "[the] most terrible of terrible Married housewives wants sex Rochester New Hampshire It housewivss, according to Sue Clark, "far and away the most offensive word for the British public.
Beatrix Campbell calls it "a radioactive word [ It is Michael Madsen's favourite word: It is also Elton John's favourite word: Rankin, who wore a mask with an 'I'm a cunt' slogan indescribes it as "an amazing word".
Deborah Orr provides a neat summary of the word's central functions, invective and empowerment: For many centuries now, the word has been elaborately veiled under the weird and heavy drapes hoisewives a disapproval so strong that it has become pre-eminent among forbidden words.
For others, though, its use is a mark of worldly and liberal sophistication" The programme, Married housewives wants sex Rochester New Hampshire by Will Smith, acknowledged the omnipresence of 'cunt' in contemporary life and culture: But for how much longer?Sexiest Women
You see, the more you hear it, the more you become immune to its power". The etymology of 'cunt' is actually considerably more complex than is generally supposed.
The word's etymology is highly contentious, as Alex Games explains: In Cunta chapter from the anthology Dirty WordsJonathan Wilson notes the word's etymological convolution: Greek Ladies want sex tonight Smithville Georgia 31787 terms for 'woman' - 'guda', 'gune', and 'gyne' - have been suggested as the word's sources, as have the Anglo-Saxon 'cynd' and the Latin 'cutis' 'skin'though these theories are not widely supported.
Jay Griffithsfor example, links 'cunt', 'germinate', 'genital', 'kindle', and 'kind' to the Old English 'ge-cynde' and Anglo-Saxon 'ge-cynd' extended to 'ge-cynd-lim', meaning 'womb' ; to this list, Peter Silverton adds 'generate', 'gonards', and 'genetics', derived from the Proto-Indo-European 'gen' or Married housewives wants sex Rochester New Hampshire.
Perhaps the clearest Married housewives wants sex Rochester New Hampshire of structuring the complex etymology of 'cunt' is to approach it letter by letter, and this is the approach I have taken here. I have examined the Indo-European, Latin, Greek, Celtic, and Dutch linguistic influences on 'cunt', and also discussed the wide variety of the word's contemporary manifestations.
The prefix 'cu' is an expression of "quintessential femineity" Eric Partridge,confirming 'cunt' as a truly feminine term. The synonymy between 'cu' and femininity was in place even before the development of written language: Mark Morton suggests that the Indo-European 'skeu' 'to conceal' is also related.
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Thus, 'cu' and 'koo', both pronounced 'coo', were ancient monosyllabic sounds implying femininity. Other vaginal slang words, such as 'cooch', 'coot', 'cooter' inspiring the Bizarre headline Cooter Couture in'cooz', 'cooze', 'coozie', 'coozy', 'cookie', 'choochy', 'chocha', 'cootch', and 'coochie snorcher' are extensions of them.
Also, heterosexual pornographic films are known as 'cooch reels'. The feminine 'cu' word-base is also the source of the modern 'cow', applied to female animals, one of the earliest recorded forms of which is the Old Frisian 'ku', indicating the link with 'cu'.
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Other early forms include the Old Saxon 'ko', the Dutch 'koe', the Old Higher German 'kuo' and 'chuo', the German 'kuhe' and 'kuh', the Old Norse 'kyr', the Germanic 'kouz', the Old English 'cy' also 'cua' and 'cyna'and the Middle English 'kine' and 'kye'. The prefix has also been linked to elliptical thus, perhaps, metaphorically vaginal terms such as 'gud' Indo-European, 'enclosure''cucuteni' 'womb-shaped Roman vase''cod' 'bag''cubby-hole' 'snug place''cove' 'concave chamber'and 'keel' 'convex ridge'.
The Italian 'guanto' 'glove' and the Irish 'cuan' 'harbour' may also be related, as they share with 'vagina' the literal meaning 'receptacle'. Married housewives wants sex Rochester New HampshireWomen Looking To Fuck France
RF Rattray highlights the connection between femininity and knowledge: Indeed, there is a significant Hzmpshire connection Amature Bangor porn sex and knowledge: It also has vaginal connotations: The Latin 'cognoscere', related to 'cognate', may indeed be cognate with the sexual organ 'cunt'. Knowledge-related words such as 'connote', 'canny', and 'cunning' may also be etymologically related to it, though such a connection is admittedly tenuous.
Less debatable is the connection between 'cunctipotent' and 'cunt': Geoffrey Chaucer's 'cunt'-inspired term 'queynte' is yet another link between sex and knowledge, as he uses it to mean both 'vagina' and 'cunning'.