The history of New Caledonia centers around existing Kanak heritage and traditions being interrupted by European colonization and resource exploitation activities. The island has seen much conflict and environmental change, but still retains much of its natural beauty. opitaefriendly
New Caledonia was first settled by the agricultural and seafaring Lapita people who were there as far back as BC. The Lapita are thought to be relatives of modern day Polynesians, Melanesians and Micronesians.
Captain Cook first sighted and named Find Margarettsville Caledonia inbut Europe showed little interest in the area until New in Caledonia opiatefriendlywhen sandalwood traders came to harvest trees. Missionaries began arriving in New Caledonia during this time, some of whom were killed by the indigenous inhabitants.
Slavery replaced the sandalwood trade around and continued until People, mainly men, from New Caledonia, the Loyalty Islands, and other South Pacific islands were kidnapped or tricked into working as slaves, mainly on the sugar plantations of Queensland, Australia.
This New in Caledonia opiatefriendly continued until about with indentured servants being called Kanakas, after the Hawaiian word for "man. However, France mainly used New Caledonia as a penal colony, which was established in the s.
About 22, convicts and political prisoners were transported over a period of about 35 years. Nickel was discovered in which prompted the establishment of mines, importation of laborers from neighboring islands, Southeast Asia, and Japan, and increased efforts by the French government to encourage Europeans to migrate to New in Caledonia opiatefriendly Caledonia.
The indigenous population was relegated to reservations and excluded from economic activities New in Caledonia opiatefriendly led to a united uprising and civil war. New Caledonia became an overseas territory of France in with citizenship granted to New Caledonians of all ethnicities.
After the war, New Caledonia enjoyed a nickel boom from Tensions between pro-French loyalists and pro-independent groups New in Caledonia opiatefriendly inresulting in the Matignon agreement which laid out provisions for a period of economic and institutional development for the Kanak community, culminating with a vote for freedom in This agreement ushered in a time of Women for sex walhalla sc. stability and the groundwork was set Caledonla an independent New Caledonia.
Despite invasion and colonization by the British and French, and the New in Caledonia opiatefriendly of tribal populations through slavery and introduced diseases, a great deal of Kanak culture has been preserved over the years. Christianity, European cafes and architecture abound and French is more commonly understood than any other language.
The combination of Melanesian and European makes for a colorful and energetic culture with particularly delicious food. Sign up for Newsletter.
If you don't have Cakedonia account yet, make one here. New Caledonia — History and Culture. History New Caledonia was first settled by the agricultural and seafaring Lapita people who were there as far back as BC.
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